vc ^dkfynkl* dk Hkxokdj.k djus dh rS;kjh

egs'k ckxh
:lh kafr ds tud vkSj egku nk'kZfud dkyZ ekWDlZ us 
,d ckj dgk Fkk fd Qklhoknh rkdrksa dk ewy mn~ns'; 
fo/oal  gksrk gS vkSj ,slh rkdrksa ls lkfgR;] dyk vkSj 
laLd`fr dkscpkuk pkfg,Ae/;izns'k dh f'kojkt ljdkj 
ekDlZ  ds bu fopkjksa  dks veyh tkek igukus ds fy, 
d`rladYi  fn[kkbZ  nsrh gSA gky gh esa bl ljdkj us 
v Hkk dkfynkl lekjksgdk Hkxokdj.k djus dh ;kstuk 
ykxw dj viuh Qklhoknh  izo`fRr dks gh mtkxj fd;k 
gSAlaf?k;ksa dks mid`r djus esa;g ljdkj bruh mrkoyh 
gks xbZ fd lekjksg ds bfrgkl dks tkus cxS+j gh mldh 
tUenk=h  laLFkk dks Hkh nwk esa ls eD[kh dh rjg ckgj  
dj fn;kAbl laiw.kZ ?kVuke dk lcls nqHkkZX;iw.kZ igyw 
;g gS fd bl lky  dkfynkl lekjksg dk Lo.kZ t;arh 
lekjksg eukus dh rS;kjh dh tk jgh gS] tcfd vk;kstd 
cus cSBs la?k ds  drkZ&krkZ  ;g ugha  tkurs gSa fd bl 
lekjksg dh 'kq:vkr dSls gqbZ Fkh vkSj mls bl Lrj rd 
fdlus igqaWpk;kA  
dkfynkl ds tUe LFkku dks ysdj bfrgkldkjksa esa erHksn 
vo';  gSa] fdarq os  bl  ckr  ij  ,der gSa fd mudh 
deZLFkyh  mTtf;uh  orZeku  mTtSu  gh  FkhA  lezkV 
foekfnR;  ds uojRuksa  esa 'kqekj  egkdfo dkfynkl us 
mTtf;uh  esa jg dj gh  dkyt;h  egkdkO;  vfHkKku 
'kkdaqrye] dqekj laHkoe] _rq lagkje~ vkfn dh jpuk dh 
FkhAegkdfo ds O;fDrRo vkSj d`frRo dks vke turk rd 
igqaWpkus ds mn~ns'; ls mTtf;uh ds HkkLdj dgstkus okys 
in~eHkw"k.k  iafMr lw;Zukjk;.k O;kl us 1932 esa mTtSu ds 
flagiqjh {ks= ls  dkfynkl  t;arh ij lekjksg vk;ksftr 
djus dh ijaijk 'kq: dhA ckn esa ;g lekjksg  :nzlkxj 
vkSj  egkdky  izkax.k Hkh  fd;k  tkus yxkA 1954 rd 
bldh  yksdfiz;rk  pje ij  igqaWp xbZ] rc  bls ekko 
dkWyst ifjlj vkSj fQj  {khjlkxj LVsfM;e esa vk;ksftr 
fd;k tkus yxkA 1984 ls dkfynkl  vdkneh izkax.k esa 
lekjksg vk;ksftr fd;k tk jgk gSA 
et+snkj ckr ;g gS fd 'kklu }kjk 1958 ls lekjksg dh 
'kq:vkr ekuh tk jgh gS] tcfd  dkfynkl vdkneh dh 
osclkbV  esa gh bl ckr dk mYys[k gS fd bldk izkjaHk 
1932 esa  gqvk Fkk vkSj v Hkk  dkfynkl  ifj"kn bldh 
tud FkhA ysfdu  vkt la?k ds  d.kZkkj  bfrgkl dks 
udkjus ds lkFk&lkFk mls rksM+us&ejksM+us ij vkeknk gSaA 
gkygh esa jkT; 'kklu us la?k ds izpkjd fefFkyk izlkn 
nqcs dks dkfynkl vdkneh dk funs'kd cuk;k gS]ftUgksaus 
viuk Hkxok ,ts.Mk ?kksf"kr djrsgq, vdkneh dk lnL; 
eaMy  Hkax dj u,  lnL;ksa dh  ?kks"k.kk dj Mkyh vkSj 
fo}kuksa] lkfgR;dkjksa]  dykdkjksa dks iwjh  rjg njfdukj 
djrs gq, flQ+Z vkSj flQ+Z laf?k;ksa dks  lnL; cuk MkykA 
bruk gh ugha] mUgksaus lekjksg ds  vk;kstdksa esa ls v Hkk 
dkfynkl ifj"kn dk uke dkVus lsHkh ijgst+ ugha fd;kA 
ftl ifj"kn ds cSuj ij i lw;Zukjk;.k O;kl us lekjksg 
dh 'kq#vkr dj mls vf[ky  Hkkjrh; Lo:i fn;k] mls 
gh lekjksg ls ckgj djuk mTtSu ds  cqf)thoh oxZ dks 
jkl ugha vk;k vkSj mUgksaus  bldh  tedj  eq[kkyQr 
'kq:  dj nhA MkW  ';kelqanj  fuxe]  MkW  izHkkr dqekj 
HkV~Vkpk;Z]  MkW panzdkar  nsorkys] MkW gjh'k  izkku tSls 
fo}kuksa  us [kqy  dj  'kklu  dks  vkM+s  gkFkksa  fy;kA
dkfynkl ifj"kn us rks bl ekeys esa reke nLrkost+kas ds 
lkFk  vnkyr dk  njokt+k Hkh [kV[kVk fn;k gSA pkjksa 
rjQ ls gksjgs bl fojksk ls ?kcjkdj  izns'k ds laLd`fr 
lfpo eukst  JhokLro ;g dgus dks  et+cwj gq, gSa fd 
vxj  vdkneh ds iquxZBu  ls ifj"kn dks dksbZ vkifRr 
Fkh rks mls viuh  ckr 'kklu rd igqapkuk pkfg, FkhA 
iz'Uk ;g gS fd ;g fefFkyk  izlkn nqcs  dl 'kf[l;r 
dk uke gS \ lkfgR;] dyk] laLd`fr ls  mudk nwj&nwj 
dk fj'Rkk u gksus ds ckot+wn mUgsa  vdkneh ds funs'kd 
tSlk egRoiw.kZ  nkf;Ro  D;ksa lkSaik x;k \ mUgksaus reke 
fo}kuksa dks njfdukj djflQ+Z la?k vkSj Hkktik ds yksxksa 
dks gh lapkyd eaMy esa  euksuhr D;ksa fd;k \ rF;ksa ds 
vkkkj ij tc  vdkneh ;g ekurh gS fd  lekjksg dh 
'kq:vkr  dkfynkl ifj"kn us dh Fkh rks mls vk;kstdksa 
esa ls gVkus dk D;k vFkZ gS \ tc bfrgkl bl rF; dh 
iqf"V dj jgk gS fd ;g lekjksg dk ghjd t;arh o"kZ gS 
rksmls Lo.kZ t;arh o"kZ ds :i esa D;ksa euk;k tk jgk gS\ 
ftl  vdkneh  Hkou esa egkefge  jk"Vifr Kkuh t+Sy 
flag us ia lw;Zukjk;.k  O;kl ds rSy fp= dk vukoj.k 
fd;k Fkk] ogkaW  vc O;kl th ds lkFk MkW Hkxor  'kj.k 
mik;k; vkSj  deykjRUke~ ds uke ij ukd&HkkSa fldksM+h 
tk jgh  gSa rks D;k ;g  gekjh  ,sfrgkfld&lkaLd`frd 
fojklr dk vieku ugha gS \
dkfynkl  lekjksg dk ljdkjhdj.k gksus ds ckn ls gh 
mls os gh lkjs jksx xzflr gksus yxs Fks] tks ,d ljdkjh 
foHkkx esa  gksrs gSaA Bsdsnkjh]  deh'ku[kksjh  vkSj  HkkbZ&
Hkrhtkokn  ds  Qsj esa ,d  ckj rks  lekjksg ds tud 
ia O;kl dks vkSipkfjd fuea=.k  rd ugha Hkstk x;k FkkA 
rc  mudh  ihM+k  bu 'kCnksa esa QwVh Fkh&^^cM+s ?kj csVh 
nsdj feyus ds lkalsA**ckn esa MkW Hkxor'kj.k  mik/;k; 
ds lkFk Hkh  vk;kstdksa us  mis{kkiw.kZ  O;ogkj fd;k FkkA
viuh  dkyt;h jpuk ^dkfynkl* ds  t+fj;s dkfynkl 
lkfgR; dks fo'OkO;kih igpku fnykus okys MkW mik/;k; 
dks tc  lekjksg esa  mn~cksku dk  volj feyk Fkk rks 
mudh  ihM+k bl rjg  QwVh Fkh& ^^lekjksg esa ,sls yksx 
vkeaf=r fd, tkrs gSa] tks dkfynkl dh ewy jpukvksa dh 
ctk; vuqokn i<+rs gSavkSj vius rFkkdfFkr  'kkski=ksa dks 
vaxjst+h esa i<+rs gSaA lp iwNk  tk, rks ,sls lekjksg dks 
euk dj ge  dkfynkl dks  nQ+uk jgs gSaA MkW mik/;k; 
vkt gekjs chp ugha gSaA vxj vkt vdkneh esa py jgh 
Hkxokdj.k eqfge mudh vka[kksa ds lkeus gksrh rks laHkor% 
os [kqydj  'kklu ds f[kykQ ekspkZ [kksy ysrsA fQj Hkh 
muds  vuq;k;h vius Lrj ij bl eqfge dk fojksk dj 
jgs gSaA
vdkneh dsu, funs'kd fefFkyk izlkn nqcs dk lkfgfR;d
lkaLd`frd  ;ksxnku 'kwU; gS vkSj mudh ,dek= ;ksX;rk 
;g gS fd os la?kh gSaA blfy, tc vdkneh dh LFkkiuk 
esa ifj"kn ds  ;ksxnku vkSj  dkfynkl Lekjd ds ckjs esa 
muls iwNk  x;k rks os cxysa >kadrs ut+j vk,A rc bu 
iafDr;ksa  ds ys[kd us mUgsa  lekjksg ds  bfrgkl lacakh 
tkudkjh nsrs gq, crk;k fd  lekjksg ds tud ia O;kl 
tc fons'k ;k=k ij x, Fks] rc  muls iwNk x;k Fkk fd