^^eq'kjZQ dh eqf'dy c<+sxh**

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eq'kjZQ dh egRokdka{kk ikfdLrku esa vkikrdky ds :i esa gekjs  lkeus gSA blds igys h N% ckj lSfud 'kklu vkSj rkuk'kkgh dk 
na'k ikfdLrku >sy pqdk gSA;g vUrjkZ"Vh; fpark dk fo"k; gSA fdUrq ;g lc vkdfLed ughA;g lc gksuk gh FkkA fujadq'k 'kkld 
dh O;fDroknh LokFkZijrk vkSj viuh 'kfDr dks vlhfer :i esa vkRedsfUr djus dh fyIlk] vkikrdky dk dkj.k cuhA ikfdLrku 
oSls Hkh vius dqd`R;ksa ls iwjh rjg ls fjk vkSj vyx Fkyx fn[k jgk Fkk bl ij  vkikrdky bls vkSj deatksj cuk;sxk yksdra= esa 
cgqer .kkyh ls fu.kZ; fy;k vkSj  dk;kZfUor fd;k tkrk gS] tcfd  jkt'kkgh ;k dgsa rkuk'kkgh O;oLFkk esa ,d O;fDr }kjk ks"k.kk 
dks ykxw fd;k tkrk gSA 
vius fo:n~ U;k;ky; ds vkus okys QSlys ls Mjs gq, eq'kjZQ us bejtsUlh dh ks"k.kk dj nhA yksdra= ds pkjks LrE muds dCts 
esa gSA ikfdLrku dk Vh-oh lkj.k cUn gSA eq[k foi{kh usrk  ofj"B odhy vkfn tsy esa gSa ;k fQj mUgsa uatj cUn dj fn;k x;k 
gSA ckgj gS rks flQZ tujy eq'kjZQ vkSj muds vuq;k;h tks flQZ QkSth lsuk gS lkFk gh ikfdLrku dh fujhg turk tks bl ek'kZy 
ykW dks qxrus ds fy, vf'kIr gSA 
ijost eq'kjZQ ;k dgs phQ vkWQ vkehZ us 1999 esa rRdkyhu iz/kku ea=h uokt 'kjhQ dk r[rk iyVk]mlds ckn 8 o"kZ rd jk"Vifr
ds #i es nqfu;k dks /kksdk nsrs jgsA vkrdokfn;ks dks yxkrkj lgk;rk feyrh jgh nwljh rjQ vesfjdk dks Hkh eq'kjQ us ,d lkFk 
lk/ks j[kkA vesfjdk ihB Bksdrk jgkA U;k;k/kh'kksa dk :[k T;ks gh Vs<k gqvk eq'kjZQ us bejtsUlh yxk nhA pwafd bejtsUlh dk eq[; 
dkj.k dksV ds lEHkkfor QSlys ls iSnk gksus okyh fLFkfr ls Fkk blfy, U;k;k/kh'kks dks c[kkLr dj vius eu ekfQd yksxks dks dqlh 
ns nh rkfd pquko yM+us dh oS/krk lqfuf'pr gks ldsA ;gka U;k;ikfydk dk ogh gky gS tks 1975 esa gekjs ns'k kjr dk FkkAJherh 
bafnjk xka/kh us vius fojksf/k;ksa dks lcd fl[kkus ds fy, lEHkkfor vlQyrk dks Hkkaidj ns'k esa bejtsUlh dh ks"k.kk dj nhA bl 
fu.kZ; ds fo:n~ ml le; dh U;k; O;oLFkk iaxq FkhAbejtsUlh dk fu.kZ; eaf=ifj"knn vkSj jk"Vifr dh laLrqfr ds fcuk gqvkAckn 
esa bl ij  lgefr  gLrk{kj gqvk  bejtsUlh ds ckn gq, pquko esa  dkaxzsl dh djkjh gkj us bfUnjk th dks lkk ls nwj dj fn;kA 
bejtsUlh ds ckn bfUnjk us 20 lw=h; dk;Ze ykxw fd;k tSls vkikrdky ds ckn ,MksYQ fgVyj us 25 lw=h; dk;Ze ykxw fd;k 
FkkA ijost eq'kjZQ ds ikfdLrku esa  Nn~e yksdra= ds chp  fdlh fodkl dh ckr djuk [kqn mUg ds fgr esa ug fn[krkA eq'kjZQ 
turk ds fu"i{k  fu.kZ; vkSj  laoS/kkfud  O;oLFkk ds rgr rks vk;s ug Fks os rks uokt  'kjhQ dks  lsuk dh  'kf ls ijkLr dj 
lkk:<+ gq;s FksA mudh uokt 'kjhQ ds cjDl turk esa dksbZ yksdf;rk ug gSA vxj eu ilUn ttksa ds lg;ksx ls pquko yM+us 
dh oS/krk ikdj os thr dj jk"Vifr curs gSa rks Hkh mUgsa tujy dh onhZ mrkjuh gh iM+sxhA ;g lc cM+k eqf'dy gksxk] dgh eq'kjZQ 
ds lkFk og u gks tks mUgksaus 1999 esa uokt 'kjhQ ds lkFk fd;k FkkA 
Nn~e  yksdra=h;  vkLFkk dh  felky gS csuthj  HkqV~Vks dk okil ikfdLrku vkuk ;g Hkh  vesfjdh fn[kkos ls vf/kd dqN ug gS] 
vkradoknh laxBu vkSj djiaFkh rkdrsa dh ug pkgsxh fd  ikfdLrku esa yksdra= dh tM+s eatcwr gksaA blfy, ;s lc eq'kjZQ dks 
m[kkM+ Qsadus ij rqys gSaA mUgsa 'kkfUr LFkkiuk dh ckr vesfjdh gLr{ksi uhfr ilUn ug vk jgh gSA vesfjdk rks bl iwjs Vuke 
ls l[r ukjkt gsA ,sls esa og  ikfdLrku dks nh tkus okyh  vkfFkZd  lgk;rk cUn dj ldrk gSA vesfjdh fons'kea=h dksaMk yhtk 
jkbl us lkQ dgk gS^^eq'kjZQ dks lsuk ls ukrk rksM+ ysuk pkfg;s] ukxfjd  'kklu dks 'khz cgky djuk pkfg;sA ikfdLrku ds fy, 
csgrj gS laoS/kkfud jkLrs ij ykSVuk vkSj mlds ckn pquko djkukA bl ij rRijrk vkSj 'khzrk ls vey gksuk pkfg;sA**vkikrdky 
yxkus ds ihNs eq'kjZQ ds tks rdZ gSa os [kqn mu dkj.kksa ds lh/ks rkSj ij ftEesnkj gSa ftlls os eq[; eksM+ ug ldrsA ,d eghus ckn 
;fn bejtsUlh gV h gV h tkrh gS rks h eq'kjZQ dh eqf'dys c<+rh tk;sxhA igyk  dkj.k ;g fd U;k;ikfydk dk dk;Zikfydk 
ij gLr{ksi c<+ x;k FkkA  bldh foo{kk gS fd [kqn eq'kjZQ dh leFkZd jgh  U;k;ikfydk muds  dqd`R;ksa ls csyxke gqbZ gSA nwljk 
dkj.k rkfycku] vydk;nk tSls  vkradoknh laxBu dk c<+rk izkoA dk'k!  vkikrdky  yxkus ls  vPNk gksrk eq'kjZQ us bu ij 
viuk  f'kdatk dlk gksrkA lkai dks nw/k fiykus ls mldk  fo"kRo ugh  [kre gksrkA eq[k  vkradh laxBuksa ls ikfdLrkuh [kqfQ;k 
,tslh vkbZ ,l vkbZ ds lEcU/k vkSj ml ij eq'kjQ dh ekSu Lohd`fr  lgk;rk tx tkfgj gSA iwjs  fo'o dh vka[kks es /kwy >ksddj 
vkradh laxBuksa dks J; nsus okys eq'kjZQ ds fy, og vkradh vc dky cus gq;s gSaAvkikrdky yxk nsus ls eqf'dys de ugh gksxhA 
vesfjdk ds lkFk lh fodflr ns'k blls l[r ukjkt gSaA blls ikfdLrku vesfjdk ds fj'rs [kVkl rks gksaxs ghA cgqr dqN lEo 
gS vesfjdk vkfFkZd lgk;rk nsuk cUn dj ns ;k fQj og dksbZ u;k  dUVksfyax ikoj NksM+sA eq'kjQ ds bl dne ls vkradh laxBuksa 
dh dk;Zokgh esa rsth vk;sxhA ftl lsuk ds tujy in ls ijost eq'kjZQ jk"Vifr cus gSa mlh dh fo'oluh;rk vc [kksrs tk jgs gSaA 
loky ;s mBrk gS fd ikfdLrkuh lsuk ftu  vkradh  laxBuksa dh  lgk;d gksrh Fkh ogh lsuk fdl csl ij eq'kjZQ dh gejkg cuh 
jgsxh vkSj dc rd \ fygktk  lsuk esa QwV ds  vklkj c<+sxsA ehfM;k]  U;k;ikfydk vkSj ikfdLrku voke dh vkokt dc rd cUn 
jgsxh \ 
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