fQj xsgwaW dk vk;kr \      

MkW lquhy 'kekZ

dsanz ljdkj us pkyw l= esa 10yk[k Vu xsagwa vk;kr djus dk fu.kZ; fy;k gS] 
;g xsagwa ns'k esa tqykbZ ekg rd vk tk;sxk A ljdkj us ;g fu.kZ; ljdkjh 
HkaMkj.k ds fy, i;kZIr ek=k esa  xsagwa  laxzg uk gks ikus dh laHkkouk ls fy;k 
gSA vHkh xsagwa dh Qly rS;kj gh gqbZ gS  rFkk ljdkjh vkadM+s 730 yk[k Vu 
mRiknu dk vuqeku yxk jgs gSa  tks fd fiNys o"kZ ls yxHkx 50 yk[k Vu 
T;knk gSA pwafd fiNys o"kZ Hkh ljdkj us 55 yk[k Vu xsagwa dk vk;kr fd;k 
Fkk D;ksafd ljdkjh HkaMkjx`g fiNys o"kZ Hkh [kkyh jg x, FksA 

fiNys o"kZ  xsagwa dk  vk;kr 1100 :  izfr fDoaVy dh nj ls fd;k x;k Fkk 
tcfd ljdkj fdlkuksa ls 700 :  fDoaVy dh nj xsagwa [kjhn jgh Fkh A bl 
o"kZ Hkh ljdkj 850 :  izfr fDoaVy ls  T;knk  ewY; fdlkuksa dks ugha nsuk 
pkg jgh gS A tcfd fiNys o"kZ ls gh xsagwa dk U;wure cktkj ewY; 1000 : 
izfr fDoaVy ds vklikl py jgk gS ] tks vc ubZ Qly ds vkus ds ckn Hkh 
dk;e gSA rks fQj fdlku lLrs esa xsagaw D;ksa csaps \ tcfd ljdkj us xsagaw dh 
[kjhn ds fy,  cgqjk"V~zh; daifu;ksa dks Hkh cktkj esa mrjus fn;k gS ] tks fd 
ljdkjh leFkZu ewY; ls dqN T;knk nj ij xsagwa dk dz; dj jgh gSAfuf'pr 
:i ls ,salh fLFkfr essa ljdkjh HkaMkj [kkyh jgsaxs ] rFkk  ns'k  esa  lkoZtfud 
forj.k iz.kkyh lfgr dbZ ;kstukvksa esa  forj.k djus ds fy, xsagwa dk vk;kr 
djuk gh gksxk lkFk gh ns'k ds [kk|kUu HkaMkj dks Hkh Hkjk fn[kkuk t:jh gSA 
css'kd xsagwa  dh ekax vkSj vkiwfrZ ds  varj dks T;knk vk;kr ds }kjk gh Hkjk 
tk ldrk gS]pwafd fo'ks"kK dg jgs gS fd ns'k esa i;kZIr ek=k esa xsagwa miyCk 
gS ,sals esa tc ?kj esa xsagwa gS rks ckgj ls T;knk nke esa eaxkus dh t:jr D;k
\  fuf'pr :i ls T;knk vk;kr dk eryc xsagwa ds nkeksa esa rsth rFkk lhkk 
uqdlku miHkksk ,oa vFkZO;oLFkk dks A vkSj fdlkuksa dks  rks uqdlku gS gh 
D;ksafd  cgqjk"V~zh;  daifu;ksa  vkSj futh QeksZa }kjk [kjhns tkus okys xsagwa dk 
ewY; leFkZu  ewY; ls FkksM+k  gh T;knk fn;k tkrk gS ] tks fd fdlkuksa dks 
rkRdkfyd rks T;knk yxrk gS  ijarqq ;g Hkh mldh ykxr ls de gh cSBrk 
gSA 

tgka rd mRiknu ykxr dh ckr gS rks reke vkadM+s ;g crykrs gSa fd xsagwa 
dh  mRiknu ykxr yxHkx 1100 :  izfr fDoaVy ds vklikl cSBrh gS] bl 
fglkc ls  leFkZu ewY;  ;k fQj  cgqjk"V~zh; daifu;ksa dk ewY; Hkh Qk;nsean 
ugha gS] bl lanHkZ esa eiz ds d`f"k foHkkx ds ,d ofj"B vfkdkjh dk vkadyu 
gS fd  vkt dh fLFkfr esa xsagwa mRiknu ij izfr gsDVs;j esa 1740 : dk ?kkVk 
gks jgk gSA,sals esa fLFkfr ;g cu jgh gS fd fdlkuksa dk xsagwa mRiknu ls eksg 
Hkax gks jgk gS] og dsoy Lo;a ds ifjokj ds fy, xsagwa mRiknu djrk gS vkSj 
'ks"k Hkwfe ij xUuk tSlh uxnh Qly yxkuk pkgrk gS A ns'kHkj esa vkt dh 
fLFkfr esa xsagaw  dh ekax rks c<+ jgh gS  ijarq mRiknu yxHkx fLFkj gS A xsagaw 
mRiknu ds vkadM+ksa ls Hkh ;g ckr Li"V gS fd o"kZ 2003 & 04 esa 724 yk[k 
Vu xsagwa dk mRiknu gqvk vkSj ekax 740 yk[k Vu dh Fkh] o"kZ 2004 & 05 esa 
xsagwa dk mRiknu 730 yk[k Vu jgk vkSj ekax 750 yk[k Vu dh Fkh]o"kZ 2005
&06 esa xsagaw dk mRiknu 740 yk[k Vu jgk vkSj ekax Fkh 760 yk[k Vu] o"kZ 
2006&07 esa xsagwa dk mRiknu gqvk 696 yk[k Vu vkSj ekax Fkh 765 yk[k Vu 
vkSj bl pkyw l= esa Hkh xsagwa dk mRiknu 730 yk[k Vu gksus dh laHkkouk gS 
tks fd vko';drk ls yxHkx 40 yk[k Vu de gSAfuf'pr :i ls ;g deh 
vk;kr ds tfj, gh iw.kZ dh tk ldrh gSA ijarq  ns'k esa ljdkjh [kjhn dk 
dksVk iwjk uk gks ikus dh fLFkfr esa xsagaw vk;kr dk vkadM+k vkSj c<+sxk A ;g 
vk;kr Hkh mUgha  cgqjk"V~zh; daifu;ksa ls gksxk  tks gekjs  ns'k esa gh xsagwa~z dh 
[kjhn dj jgha gSaAblls mUgsa T;knk equkQk gksxk rFkk d`f"k cktkj esa mudh 
fLFkfr etcwr  gksxh  D;ksafd dbZ daifu;ka vius  vukt dsanzksa  esa ckdk;nk 
cktkj [kksy cSBh gSa ] tgka miHkksDrk lkexzh ls ysdj [ksrh fdlkuh dk lkjk 
lkeku ekStwn gSA 

fuf'pr :i ls vkfFkZd mnkjhdj.k ds ckn ls ns'k esa cgqjk"V~zh; daifu;ksa dk 
izHkko c<+k gS vkSj  oks miHkksDrk cktkj ds lkFk d`f"k cktkj ij gkoh gks jgh 
gSa A tgka rd xsagaw dh ckr gS  rks ;g ns'k dk  eq[; [kk|kUu gS vkSj gfjr 
dzkafr ds ckn ls xsagwa  mRiknu esa  ge yxHkx vkRefuHkZj gks x, Fks dbZ ckj 
xsagw dk fu;kZr Hkh fd;k x;k ] ijarq fiNys 5&6 o"kksZa ls fLFkfr mYVh gS lkFk 
gh ns'k esa mRrj Hkkjr ds lkFk&lkFk vc nf{k.k esa Hkh xsagaw dk izpyu c<+k gS 
rFkk mRiknu fLFkj gSA 

bl fLFkfr ls varjkZ"V~zh;  d`f"k rFkk cktkj fo'ks"kK Hkh okfdQ gSa rFkk ltx 
Hkh gSaA 

blls iwoZ o"kZ  1991 esa  vesfjdk dh ,d losZ ,tsalh  us Hkh viuh fjiksVZ esas 
dgk Fkk fd Hkkjr dks 21oha 'krkCnh esa c<+rh vkcknh ds vuq:i [kk|kUu dh 
vkiwfrZ djus esa cM+h fnDdr gksxh]D;ksafd mRiknu esa vk'kkrhr o`f) uk gksus 
ls ekax o  vkiwfrZ ds  e/;  [kkbZ vkSj  pkSM+h gksrh tk;sxh ,sals esa vesfjdh 
cgqjk"V~zh; daifu;ksa dks Hkkjrh; d`f"k cktkj esa viuh fLFkfr etcwr djus ds 
iz;kl vHkh ls 'kq: dj nsus pkfg,Abl fjiksVZ ds ckn vesfjdk vkSj ;qjksih; 
ns'kksa us feydj  fo'o  O;kikj  laxBu ds tfj;s  ns'k dk  d`f"k cktkj Hkh 
fons'kh daifu;ksa ds fy;s [kqyok fy;k rFkk Hkkjrh; cktkj ij dCXts ds fy, 
reke gFkdaMksa ds chp [kk|kUu dh [kjhnh Hkh 'kq: dj nh ] [kk|ku cktkj 
ds cgqjk"V~zhdj.k ds  dkj.k ekax o vkiwfrZ ds chp dk varj c<+k]ftlls xsagaw 
tSals [kk|kUu dk vk;kr c<+rk x;kAvc ,salh fLFkfr esa gekjs ikl jkLrk gS 
fd  ge fdlkuksa dks  cgqjk"V~zh; daifu;ksa ds  [kjhn dsanzksa dh vksj tkus ls 
jksdssa blds fy, t:jh gS fd gekjk ra= mUgsa muds mRikn ds okftc ewY; 
fnyk;sA vkt dh fLFkfr esa xsagwa dk ljdkjh leFkZu ewY; de ls de 1100 
:  izfr fDoaVy gksuk gh pkfg, ] fuf'pr  :i ls vPNs ewY; dh vk'kk esa 
fdlku xUuk  tSlh Qlyksa dh ctk; xsagwa mRiknu dks ojh;rk nsxk] nwljh 
ckr ;g gS  fd ljdkjh  [kjhn dsanzksa dk  vkkqfudhdj.k t:jh gS A rFkk 
vukt dh  DokfyVh ds uke ij ljdkjh ra= }kjk fdlkuksa dk Hkkjh 'kks"k.k 
fd;k tkrk gS] ljdkjh [kjhn dsanzksa esa de rkSy rFkk Hkqxrku esa foyac ,d 
lkekU; izfdz;k cu xbZ gS]blesa lqkkj gksuk t:jh gS rFkk fdlku dks rqjar 
Hkqxrku t:jh gS A xsagwa vke vkneh dk izeq[k vkgkj gS vxj ns'k dks Hkw[k 
ls cpkuk gS rks ljdkj dks xsagwa mRiknu ij fo'ks"k /ku nsuk gksxk ] blds 
mRiknu esa o`f) dh  vHkh dkQh  laHkkouk;sa ckadh gSa  blds lkFk gh fodz; 
vkSj  mfpr  ewY; ij  xgu fparu t:jh gS A xsagwa  dk O;kikj cgqjk"V~zh; 
daifu;ksa ds gokys dj vkSj fQj vk;kr esa ns'k esa [kk|kUu ladV c<+sxkA 
 
MkW lquhy 'kekZ